Are sleeping pills safe? The risks of prescription and over-the-counter sleep aids, and how to use them safely
Sleeping pills are mostly safe, but they do have potentially harmful risks and side effects.
Prescription sleep aids must be taken under a doctor's supervision, as they can be unsafe with some underlying medical conditions, and overdosing can be very dangerous.
Certain types of yoga, like Vinyasa and Bikram, are more active and can burn calories, contributing directly to weight loss. Other types, like Yoga Nidra, may help you lose weight indirectly by improving mental health and mindfulness, allowing you to make healthier choices.
Weird dreams are often the result of psychological stress or changes in your routine. Exposure to stress or anxiety right before you sleep — like reading the news or watching a scary movie — can also cause strange or vivid dreams. If you're having weird dreams, you should try to reduce stress in your daily life, stick to a healthy sleep routine each night, and use relaxation techniques to calm yourself down when they occur.
If you're always tired, there could be a number of different causes for your sleepiness or fatigue. First, you should make sure you're sleeping 7 to 9 hours each night, and getting to bed and waking up around the same time each day — sticking to a sleep routine is important. If that doesn't help, you may need to adjust your diet, get more exercise, or talk to your doctor about an underlying physical or mental health condition.
A CPAP machine helps people with trouble breathing and is commonly used to treat sleep apnea. CPAP machines can't directly replace ventilators, as they have key differences in how they work. However, some changes can be made to CPAPs — and other positive airway pressure machines like BiPAPs — in order to use them effectively as ventilators.
The best disinfectants for viruses are alcohol, bleach, hydrogen peroxide, and quaternary ammonium compounds. These active ingredients are the most common on the EPA's list of registered disinfectants against the coronavirus. Here's what you need to know about these disinfectants and which ingredients to look for when you want to use an effective cleaning product.
A ventilator is a breathing machine that assists with lung function. Ventilators are often necessary for patients who have trouble breathing as a result of severe respiratory infections, and they can even be life-saving in these cases. Ventilators are also commonly used during routine surgery to keep the lungs operating while a patient is under general anesthesia.
Respirators work to keep health care and emergency workers safe from breathing in chemicals or infectious particles. Respirators, like the N95 face masks, are more effective than surgical masks at preventing the spread of illness — and they should be used by health care workers who are dealing with sick patients.
Wearing shoes in the house can potentially bring in germs — here's why you should leave them at the front door
You shouldn't wear shoes in the house because you may be carrying germs into your living space. Research has found that shoes can be a carrier for microbes like viruses and bacteria, and it's most likely that these germs will be on the outside of your shoes.
While your shoes aren't likely to spread illness, it's important to always take them off at the front door, and disinfect them if they are dirty — here's how.
Hydrogen peroxide does kill germs, including most viruses and bacteria.
A concentration of 3% hydrogen peroxide is an effective disinfectant typically found in stores. Hydrogen peroxide can damage some surfaces, and is a more dangerous chemical than some disinfectants, so be cautious when handling it. Hydrogen peroxide is often used to clean skin wounds and prevent infection from minor cuts and scrapes.
Vinegar isn't the best choice to kill germs and viruses. Vinegar isn't an EPA-registered household disinfectant, and isn't recommended in place of alcohol or diluted bleach solutions. However, the acetic acid in vinegar does have some disinfectant properties, and can kill some types of germs, so you may want to use it if it's your only option.
Adderall withdrawal can cause depressive symptoms, no matter how long you've been taking it for. Adderall can also worsen symptoms for those with mood disorders, and you should talk with your doctor about your medical history before taking it. Overall, taking Adderall at a regular prescribed dose is safe and unlikely to cause depression.
Birth control isn't likely to cause depression, though it can cause side effects like mood changes. However, some research has found that certain types of hormonal birth control may increase the risk of depression, particularly in teens. Medical experts say you should talk with your doctor if you're considering hormonal birth control, especially if you have a history of mood disorders.
Men can get postpartum depression, even though it's more commonly associated with women. Research has found that about 4% to 25% of new fathers experience postpartum depression after their child's birth, and it's 2.5 times more likely if their partner also has it.
Here's how to know if men have postpartum depression and what you can do to get help.
You should recover from a stent procedure by resting, staying away from vigorous physical activity, and following your doctor's recommendations for medication. Many patients are able to recover from a stent and return to work within a week, though it may take longer for others. You'll also want to look out for the signs of common complications after a stent, and implement any lifestyle changes that originally caused a blockage in your arteries.